Norwegian-American Genealogical Association

Norwegian Culture

The following links include excellent background for Norwegian culture at the time of emigration, mainly the last half of the 1800s. More categories and links will be added as sources are identified.

Farms, Farmers and the Land

History of farms and farmers All the farmer terms, matrikkel, farm numbers, etc.

Husmann: What is a cotter Zones of livelihoods, husmann concept, rights, family, emigration

Husmannsvesenet English translation. History, living conditions, regional differences, decrease in numbers

Norwegian Barns History of the red barn in Norway. Diagrams of the layout of barns and houses. Information goes into the 1900s.

The Norwegian Farm - Life and Architecture Early background on location, organization, materials, arrangement. Clear explanations.

Norwegian Life in the 1800s Farmer terms and farm sizes. Excerpt on ownership and population in 1845. Very good.

The old Norwegian farm | its land and surroundings Land ownership background, community organization, farm use, the farmyard, water supply, innmarka, unmarka. Clearly explained.

Slekt & Historie by Borgos Home page with many sources for genealogy, family history in Norway, photos and more. 

Strandsitter/Beach dweller Description of a strand sitter & house.

Talk Norway Extensive! Use magnifying glass to search. 

Farmer Terminology

Farmer Terminology from Avisen April 2021

Daily Life 

Husmann: What is a cotter Zones of livelihoods, husmann concept, rights, family, emigration

Husmannsvesen Homestead system: Work and living, social division, labor division, life stages, relationship to owner, geography, husmann uten jord, factory workers, builders, beach sitters, contracts, history, statistics. (In Norwegian)

Norway & its age-old farming culture How farmers lived their lives, barter system, basic foods, summer dairy, daily schedule. 

Norwegian Crofter A crofter’s life style, family, social status, diet, marriage, and more. A thorough report. 

The Norwegian Farm - Life and Architecture Early background on location, organization, materials, arrangement. Clear explanations.

Norwegian Life in the 1800s by Neil Hofland Farmer terms and farm sizes. Excerpt from T. Blegen on ownership and population in 1845. Very Good.

Strandsitter/Beach dweller Description of a strand sitter & house.

Talk Norway Extensive! Use magnifying glass to search. 

Who was a husmann Description, social class, reasons, contract. 




Norwegian-American Genealogical Association

1385 Mendota Heights Road, Suite 100

Mendota Heights, MN 55120

N-AGA is a 501(c)3 non-profit educational organization.




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